W&W 2017 Report Maps & Figures

All maps and figures from the 2017 Wildlands and Woodlands report are included here.
Please do not publish without also citing data sources.

(click image to download high-res)


Figure 1 - Wildlands & Woodlands Vision for New England in 2060

 

Figure 2 - New England Forests: A Globally Important Resource

Data from:
Hansen, M. C., R. S. DeFries, J. R. G. Townshend, M. Carroll, C. Dimiceli, and R. A. Sohlberg. 2003. Global percent tree cover at a spatial resolution of 500 meters: First results of the MODIS vegetation continuous fields algorithm. Earth Interactions 7:1–15.

 

Figure 3 - New England Forest Cover and Human Population

Modified from Foster and Aber (2004) with additional data from USFS FIA state reports. Foster, D. R. and J. D. Aber. 2004. Forests in time. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.

 

Figure 4 - New England Farmland Over Time

Data compiled from U.S. Agricultural Census reports by Brian Donahue and Sarah Sutton at Brandeis University.

 

Figure 5 - New England Today: A Peopled and Forested Landscape

Data from:
Olofsson, P., C. E. Holden, E. L. Bullock, and C. E. Woodcock. 2016. Time series analysis of satellite data reveals continuous deforestation of New England since the 1980s. Environmental Research Letters 11(6):1–8.

Homer, C. G., J. A. Dewitz, L. Yang, S. Jin, P. Danielson, G. Xian, J. Coulston, N. D. Herold, J. D. Wickham, and K. Megown. 2015. Completion of the 2011 National Land Cover Database for the conterminous United States— representing a decade of land cover change information. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 81(5):345–354. 

 

Figure 6 - Protecting Land for Clean Drinking Water: Massachusetts and Maine

2011 Land cover data is from the NLCD: Homer, C. G. et al. 2015 (see cited ref #8). Watershed boundaries were simplified from the USGS hydrologic unit codes. Protected open space data is from Harvard Forest and Highstead.

 

Figure 7 - Forests Improve Regional Air Quality

Data from:
Nowak, D. J., S. Hirabayashi, A. Bodine, and E. Greenfield. 2014. Tree and forest effects on air quality and human health in the United States. Environmental Pollution 193:119–129.

 

Figure 8 - Forests Store Carbon

Data from:
Kellndorfer, J., Walker, W., LaPoint, E., Bishop, J., Cormier, T., Fiske, G., Hoppus, M., Kirsch, K., and Westfall, J. 2012. NACP Aboveground Biomass and Carbon Baseline Data (NBCD 2000), U.S.A., 2000. Data set. Available on-line at http://daac.ornl.gov from ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A.

 

Figure 9 - Forest Loss to Development

Data from:
Thompson, J. R., J. S. Plisinski, P. Olofsson, C. Holden, and M. Duveneck. In Review. Forest loss in New England: A projection of recent trends.

Olofsson, P., C. E. Holden, E. L. Bullock, and C. E. Woodcock. 2016. Time series analysis of satellite data reveals continuous deforestation of New England since the 1980s. Environmental Research Letters 11(6):1–8.

Homer, C. G., J. A. Dewitz, L. Yang, S. Jin, P. Danielson, G. Xian, J. Coulston, N. D. Herold, J. D. Wickham, and K. Megown. 2015. Completion of the 2011 National Land Cover Database for the conterminous United States— representing a decade of land cover change information. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 81(5):345–354.
 

Figure 10 - Land Ownership and Protection Patterns Vary Across New England

Data from:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Gap Analysis Program (GAP). 2016. Protected areas database of the US, PAD-US (CBI Edition).

The Nature Conservancy (TNC). 2014. Secured lands geodatabase.

Thompson, J. R., J. S. Plisinski, P. Olofsson, C. Holden, and M. Duveneck. In Review. Forest loss in New England: A projection of recent trends.

James W. Sewall Co. 2015. Geospatial mapping.
 


Figure 11
 - Many Players, Collective Impact

Data from the Harvard Forest, Highstead, and individual organizations.

 

Figure 12 - W&W Goals and Land Protection in Northern New England since 1950

Adapted from Meyer, S. R., C. S. Cronan, R. J. Lillieholm, M. L. Johnson, and D. R. Foster. 2014. Land conservation in northern New England: Historic trends and alternative conservation futures. Biological Conservation 174: 152–160.

Figure 13 - Protected Forest and Farmland in New England: Towards a Wildlands and Woodlands Future

Forest cover data from Olofsson et al. 2016 and Homer et al. 2015 (see cited refs #7 and 8). See Thompson et al. In Review (cited ref #19) for methods. Conservation data from USGS 2016 (cited ref #26). Full figure references available in the full report.

 

Figure 14 - Federal and State Conservation Funding in New England, 2004 ā€” 2014

Data primarily from Highstead and the Trust for Public Land. Complete references available in M. Buchanan. 2016. Public conservation funding in New England: recent trends in government spending on land protection. Highstead, Redding, CT.

 

Figure 15 (a) and (b) ā€” Regional Conservation Partnerships (RCPs) in New England 

Data from W. Labich and individual RCPs.

 

Figure 16 - ALPINE (Academics for Land Protection in New England): Tapping the Region’s Colleges and Universities to Advance Conservation

 

Figure 17 - Community Forests in New England

Data from:
Community Forest Collaborative. 2007. Community forests: a community investment strategy.

 

Figure 18 - One State’s Funding Innovation: The Community Preservation Act (CPA)

Data from:
MassGIS. 2016. Community Preservation Act (CPA) Towns. Office of Geographic Information (MassGIS), Commonwealth of Massachusetts, MassIT.